Appendix C: Areas and Sites of Nature Conservation
Areas of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation
Areas of Metropolitan Importance for Nature Conservation (AMINC) are those sites which contain the best examples of London's habitats, rare species, rare assemblages of species, important populations of species or which are of particular significance within large areas of otherwise built-up London. They are of the highest priority for protection. The identification and protection of AMINCs is necessary, not only to support a significant proportion of London's wildlife but also to provide opportunities for people to have contact with the natural environment. These sites have been endorsed by the London Ecology Unit (LEU) and the reference numbers given here (eg. M107) refer to areas identified in the LEU's wildlife survey of the borough - November 1991.
M015 Lesnes Abbey Woods
Habitats : Semi-natural broadleaved woodland, acid grassland.
Description : An extensive area of ancient woodland with a varied structure and species composition. The large extent of sessile oak within the woods is a particularly unusual feature in London as is the maturity of the extensive standard sweet chestnut. The ground flora is diverse and the carpets of wild daffodils are probably unique in the woods of Greater London.
M031 The River Thames
Habitats : Open water, saltmarsh and mudflats.
Description : The Thames is one of London's most outstanding natural features. Most of the intertidal zone has been developed or removed for flood defence works, and the Bexley foreshore includes all of the remaining saltmarsh area on the southern bank. These are described separately above, as they overlap the northern boundaries of sites M41 and M107.
M041 Erith Marshes (Crossness)
Habitats : Grazing marsh (grassland and drainage dykes), saltmarsh and mudflats, scrub.
Description : Mainly an important wet grassland site, with regional uncommon plant species both in the meadows and drainage dykes. The site is also important for its breeding bird fauna. Halfway Reach is a small but significant area of intertidal habitat with adjacent sea wall, supporting typical communities of plants. The mudflats are also important for overwintering ducks and wading birds.
M106 Foots Cray Meadows and the River Cray
Habitats : Neutral and wet grassland, semi-natural broadleaved woodland, open water and parkland.
Description : The River Cray is possibly London's best river in terms of its water quality and relatively naturally-graded profile. The site contains much amenity parkland of low wildlife interest, but the marshy meadows adjacent to the river are of high species diversity, with several uncommon plants. The area also supports a diverse wildlife.
M107 Crayford Marshes
Habitats : Grazing marsh (grassland and drainage dykes), saltmarsh, mudflats, improved grassland, scrub and open water.
Description : An important site for the flora of the dyke-system, wet pastures and saltmarsh, which includes nationally and regionally rare species. The marshes also support a wide variety of birds and other animals.
M118 Joydens Wood and Chalk Wood (Including Gattons Plantation)
Habitats : Semi-natural broadleaved woodland, coniferous woodland, open water.
Description : Part of an extensive woodland block shared with neighbouring Dartford Borough. The woodland is extremely varied in its structure and species composition, with conifer and chestnut coppice plantations in parts. The most botanically diverse areas occur within the ground flora.
M123 Crayford Stadium Rough
Habitats : Semi-improved neutral grassland, scrub, tall herbs.
Description : Perhaps the best "roughland" site in the borough in terms of the diversity of its flora and probably fauna as well. The grassland is composed of typical coarse species in association with an abundance of herbs. The scrub supports a number of bird species.
Sites of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation
Sites of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation (SBINC) are those that are important in a borough perspective. The following sites have been identified as being of Borough Importance for Nature Conservation by the London Ecology Unit.
|Site||Description / habitat||Area|
|Bx.BI(1) Crossness||Neutral grassland, open water, reedswamp, scrub and broadleaved woodland. Regionally rare plants, birds.||30.0 ha|
|Bx.BI(3) Franks Park||Broadleaved woodland, parkland, acid grassland. Mature trees, woodland bird species.||16.8 ha|
|Bx.BI(4) Erith Quarry||Neutral grassland, scrub, broadleaved woodland. Inter-related habitats, butterflies, birds.||22.8 ha|
|Bx.BI(5) Hollyhill open space||Acid grassland, parkland. Heathland plant species, mosses, grasshoppers and crickets.||5.5 ha|
|Bx.BI(6) Sidcup Golf Course and Lamorbey Lake||Broadleaved woodland, fen carr, open water parkland. Wetland habitats, birds, stag beetles.||21.9 ha|
|Bx.BI(7) Danson Park||Open water, broadleaved woodland, fen carr, parkland. Woodland ground flora, birds.||64.2 ha|
|Bx.BI(8) Bexley Woods||Broadleaved woodland, open water. Regionally rare species of ground flora, woodland birds.||12.5 ha|
|Bx.BI(9) Rochester Way Golf Course||Broadleaved woodland, scrub, parkland, acid grassland, relic heathland, birds, heathland species.||11.2 ha|
|Bx.BI(10) Queen Mary's Hospital Grounds||Broadleaved woodland, scrub, grassland, hedgerows. Mixed native and exotic trees, birds, mammals and invertebrates likely, butterflies and moths.||14.0 ha|
|Bx.BI(11) Home Wood and Bunkers Hill Ponds||Broadleaved woodland, open water, neutral grassland. Great crested newt, amphibian species, aquatic invertebrates.||21.0 ha|
|Bx.BI(12) Dryden Road open land and Woodlands Farm||Improved grassland, hedgerows, broadleaved woodland, open water, scrub. Ancient woodland habitats.||6.3 ha|
|Bx.BII(1) Blackfen Woods||Broadleaved woodland, scrub, open water. Shrub and ground flora, common birds, invertebrates, mammals.||3.8 ha|
|Bx.BII(2) Southmere Park||Open water, broadleaved woodland, neutral grassland, parkland. Winter home for breeding water birds.||40.0 ha|
|Bx.BII(4) Rutland Shaw||Broadleaved woodland, scrub. Birds, butterflies.||2.2 ha|
|Bx.BII(5) Bursted Wood open space||Broadleaved woodland, neutral grassland. Birds, woodland flora.||14.0 ha|
|Bx.BII(6) Martens Grove||Broadleaved woodland, parkland, acid grassland. Mosaic of habitats, grey squirrels, birds.||11.5 ha|
|Bx.BII(7) Hall Place (north) to Shenstone Park||Parkland, broadleaved woodland, acid grassland. Uncommon herb species, jays, kestrels, small mammals.||21.3 ha|
|Bx.BII(8) The Warren||Broadleaved woodland, acid grassland. Birds, ground flora.||3.3 ha|
|Bx.BII(9) The River Shuttle and Wyncham Stream||Open water, scrub. River plants, fish, freshwater invertebrates, water voles, waterfowl.||Length approx. 7.5 km|
|Bx.BII(10) Mount Mascal Farm||Broadleaved woodland, open water, improved grassland. Great crested newts, pasture flora, badgers, dragonflies.||7.6 ha|
|Bx.BII(11) Caveys Spring||Broadleaved woodland. Woodland species flora.||2.0 ha|
|Bx.BII(12) Churchfield Wood||Broadleaved woodland, woodland species flora, woodpeckers, invertebrates.||5.25 ha|
|Bx.BII(13) The Old Orchard (The Gun Club)||Broadleaved woodland, scrub, semi-improved grassland. Notable plant species, invertebrates, birds. Note: At the time of review part of this site is being developed for residential use. The boundary will be reviewed when development is complete and following the findings of a survey currently in progress by the London Wildlife trust for the Greater London Authority.||10.6 ha|
|Bx.BII(14) Slade Green Triangle||Scrub, tall herbs, semi-improved grassland. Undisturbed refuge for wildlife.||3.2 ha|
|Bx.BII(15) Slade Green Recreation Ground||Semi-improved grassland, tall herbs, hedgerow. Common lizards.||6.3 ha|
|Bx.BII(16) Crayford landfill area||Improved grassland, bare soil. Birds.||43.0 ha|
Sites of Local Importance for Nature Conservation
A Site of Local Importance for Nature Conservation (SLINC) is one that is, or may be, of particular value to nearby residents or schools. These sites may already be used by schools for nature study or run by management committees composed mainly of local people. The following sites have been identified by the London Ecology Unit.
|Site||Description / habitat||Area|
|Bx.L1 Rectory Lane Pond||Open water, mixed woodland, scrub. Great crested newts, amphibians.||0.3 ha|
|Bx.L2 East Wickham open space||Parkland, neutral grassland, scrub. Herb species, birds, invertebrates, fungi.||34.0 ha|
|Bx.L3 Barnehurst Golf Course||Broadleaved woodland, parkland, neutral grassland. Birds.||23.4 ha|
|Bx.L4 St. Mary's Cemetery (Old Bexley)||Vegetated walls, scrub, neutral grassland. Birds, invertebrates, mammals and reptiles.||6.0 ha|
|Bx.L5 The Hollies nature area||Mixed woodland, scrub. Wildlife potential.||2.3 ha|
|Bx.L6 Sidcup Place||Parkland, broadleaved woodland, scrub. Woodland flora.||13.8 ha|
|Bx.L7 Crossway Park and Tump 52||Parkland, open water. Water flora species, water birds, fish, invertebrates, amphibians.||14.3 ha|
|Bx.L8 Streamway and Chapman's Land||Broadleaved woodland, scrub, open water parkland, acid grassland. Water flora species.||5.0 ha|
|Bx.L9 Belmont Primary School nature garden||Scrub, semi-improved grassland, open water. Common birds, invertebrates, introduced flora.||0.25 ha|
|Bx.L10 Waterhead Estate Rough||Scrub, semi-improved grassland, tall herbs. Rich diversity of wasteland species with less common St. Johns-wort. Common butterflies. Kestrels nesting nearby.||0.79 ha|
|Bx.L11 Edendale Rough||Scrub, semi-improved grassland, tall herbs. Common birds and a number of invertebrate groups.||0.89 ha|
|Bx.L12 St. Paulinus Churchyard, Crayford||Vegetated walls, semi-improved neutral grassland, parkland.||2.03 ha|
|Bx.L13 Hoblands Wood||Broadleaved woodland, scrub. Important for common birds and invertebrates.||0.28 ha|
|Bx.L14 Land between A2 and Rochester Drive||Broadleaved woodland, scrub. Common birds and butterflies.||1.6 ha|